Women of sand: the tragedy of feminicide in Ciudad Juárez

Women of sand: the tragedy of feminicide in Ciudad Juárez

Sand women is a play of the playwright Humberto Robles. This is a testimonial proposal of women who, against a backdrop of horror, speak about the torture of feminicides that took place in Ciudad Juárez (Mexico).Sand women Latently portrays the declaration of denunciation, created with a deep human sense and supporting the movement of the relatives of the murdered women.

Humberto Robles is a writer, screenwriter and human rights activist in Mexico.In 2007, the Spanish press says of him: "he est perhaps currently one of the most represented Mexican playwrights in the theaters of the Hispanic-American community ” . ” heEast in addition, one of the most promising authors of contemporary theatrical creation in Mexico, having also created texts committed to the difficult living conditions of Mexican women ".

His work,Sand women, Leve the curtain on the multiple murders and disappearances of Mexican citizens through the voices of four women (a mother, a cousin, a sister and a murdered youth) who tell the story of Natalia, Micaela, Lilia Alejandra and Erendira. All were victims of feminicides in Ciudad Juárez. These testimonies are interspersed with poetry and statistics, figures revealing the low interest of the Mexican government to put an end to these crimes.

The total number of missing and murdered is devastating. The climate of violence continues to grow without concrete measures being taken to clarify the data of this femicide.The term femicide refers to hate crimes, the murder of women because they are women. It defines facts of maximum gravity that occur in a context of discrimination and gender violence against women and girls subjected to ruthless dehumanization.

"It is apparently easy to make life disappear, the problem is to make the dead disappear, a corpse to bury itself, a ghost, no, to kill, and afterwards, why close the door to the living during the day, if the deceased comes every night sit on the edge of the bed? "


Sand women : the victims of Ciudad Juárez

The vast majority of victims share common characteristics: age (youth and adolescents aged 15 to 25) and the limited economic resources available.These women had to fend for themselves from an early age, and their only way out was to work in factories or "maquiladoras".

The "maquiladora" is the industry that produces or manufactures export products. Most of the orders they receive come from the United States. The companies are American subsidiaries that are moving to Mexico to get cheaper labor.

These young women work more than 12 hours a day for a minimum wage. Working conditions are also very precarious. They do not enjoy labor rights or appropriate working conditions. So the disappearance of a woman does not attract much attention. It is indeed considered normal that she was able to leave her job. The scary thing is that almost all maquiladora employees know a case of missing girl.

Pink crosses: emblem of the missing

More than 20 years have passed since the first case of disappearance was reported.The first documented feminicide was Alma Chavira Farel, 13, whose body was found on January 23, 1993, after being sexually assaulted and strangled. The horror began like this. The pink crosses were therefore the symbol of this feminicide.

The relatives of the victims paint, place or bury pink crosses on a black background in all places where a disappearance is recorded. This is a symbol of protest against feminicide.However, the authorities generally suppress or remove them to suppress denunciations or minimize their visibility …

Pink crosses are also present at popular protests to protest these events. They are carried by relatives, friends and supporters of the cause against the murder and disappearance of women in Ciudad Juarez. They move in the streets carrying crosses with messages on which we can read "Feminicide State" or "Not One Less". A cross is placed on each bench, wall or empty space.

"The concentrations are increasing in the face of the indignation of the population and a pink tide floods the streets of Ciudad Juarez demanding justice."

Impunity is present whenever we talk about the femicide of Ciudad Juárez. The mismanagement, corruption and negligence of the Mexican authorities led the Inter-American Court of Human Rights to pronounce a historic sentence.Mexico was sentenced for femicide for the first time in 2009. ButTo date, the government has not been able to respond to or deal with this type of abuse and murder, which still occurs on a daily basis.

For the relatives of the victims of femicide, the recognition of the crime is the first step to mitigate the ordeal they are going through. Their voice is their main weapon.

"The twilight of the disappearance bathes everything with the magic of nostalgia.” 

-Milan Kundera-

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