Theleadership has become a fundamental skill in today's society, where almost everything is done in collaboration with other people. Many psychologists have studied this concept. Among them stands out Daniel Goleman. This psychologist is best known for deciphering the power of emotional intelligence for the general public. He did, however, write books and conduct studies on this important subject.
The six types of leadership according to Daniel Goleman are the most used classification in different disciplines. For example, in the business world,Many managers study their equipment to improve their skills as leaders. So we'll talk here about Daniel Goleman's types of leadership and what they consist of.
What are the types of leadership according to Daniel Goleman?
In his book Leadership that gets resultsDaniel Goleman described six different types of leadership. Each of them is based on a component of emotional intelligence. They all have in common, however, thatthe people who develop them get results.
The types of leadership according to Daniel Goleman are not otherwise incompatible. On the contrary.The best leaders are able to take elements of each of them to adapt to the demands of the moment. It is first necessary to know them all to choose the most useful to a given situation. As described by Goleman in his work, the six types of leadership are:
- Coercive or authoritarian
- Visionary or Orientative
We see each of them.
The first type of leadership according to Daniel Goleman is based on discipline.Managers who follow this pattern try to keep discipline above any other value. They usually use short, concrete and precise instructions. The consequences of non-compliance with what has been requested are generally harsh. They will often try to set an example in order to deter those who might be tempted to relax or not follow the instructions.
This often causes demotivation of group members.Indeed,Workers feel they have no control over their work. That their operational capacity and their decision-making capacity do not go beyond that of a machine. This type of leadership should therefore only be used in situations where it is necessary to act in a very specific way. Or when the group has many organizational problems. For example, in an emergency or during an extremely complex task in which the error has little place.
2- Democratic leadership
Democratic leadership follows the idea thatis necessary to take into account the opinions of the entire group to make a decision. This usually involves a multitude of meetings, debates and discussions. It will be particularly useful in cases where there is a lot of time to decide the path to follow. In cases where the training of all members of the group is similar to achieve a given goal.
Democratic leadership is often used when the work team is multidisciplinary. When it is necessary to combine the different disciplines to carry out the projects. In other words, whenThere is a need to reach agreements in areas where disciplines overlap or overlap, so that parties who do all these things make everything work.
3- Affiliational Leadership
The third type of leadership according to Daniel Goleman is based oncreating links between the different members of the group. Harmony and collaboration between them can be achieved. We are talking about a type of leadership that seeks above all to ensure that the human environment is good, knowing that it is a stimulus for workers.
The main difficulty encountered by this type of leader arises in case of significant lack of discipline and organization. Also when conflicts appear. Indeed, the emotional involvement of people will be much more important.
4- Visionary or Orientative Leadership
Leaders who use this stylemotivate their subordinates through a clear and exciting vision. They thus show their role to each one of them. The main benefit of this type of leadership is that everyone knows where the team is heading. So that motivation is more important.
This is usually one of the most requested leadership styles today.
5- Leadership pilot
The role of the pilot is to set a course and maintain it. He gives himself as an example. He therefore seeks to always act as a model. This type of leadership is generally used by people who like to feel protagonists. The problem is that it prevents the team from adding something to the final project.Something that differs from the model.
This type of leadership is particularly effective when the leader is an expert in the field and the other members of the group must learn from him to a large extent.
6- Leadership coach
The last type of leadership ishelp group members identify their weak and strong points. Then, try that everyone develops its full potential. The underlying philosophy is that a good worker will contribute more than an employee who has not achieved maximum development.
Chaun of the types of leadership according to Daniel Goleman has advantages and disadvantages. heIt is therefore essential to choose at any time the one that best suits the group and the circumstances. So developing leadership skills will be helpful for business leaders and for all those who will have to work as a team to achieve a goal.