Memory is still a psychological processmysterious and fascinating, which never ceases to amaze. This ability to make the objects, events and situations that have already occurred available to the consciousness is a wonderful talent. Much progress has been made in its study. So some argue that there are two great laws of memory.
The human being manages, thanks to the memory, to maintain a visionintegral of its existence. The ability to evoke events that have already occurred is what allows us to establish a line of continuity in life. The past is what binds us to the present and generates the seeds of the future. The personality of an individual ends up also disintegrating when it loses its memory.
"Memory is the sentinel of the brain."
Memory also plays a fundamental role in learning. This involves, among other things, an association of already known data with new information. We learn something when this remains fixed in memory. It is then that the two great laws of memory become important: the vivacity of the impression and the perception of the first sensations. Let's see this in more detail.
Some aspects of memory
We have already mentioned it, theMemory is fundamental in association processes. This is also crucial for the assimilation of experiences. We live something and it leaves a mark. Our memory is activated when we find ourselves in a similar situation. We connect past and present experience. The memory will allow us to take the necessary measures if it is something negative.
Memory has four steps. It is :
- The memory offixation. It is the process by which something is perceived and remains in memory and becomes available data.
- The conservation memory. It's the one that allows us to store memories and keep them over time. It seems indeed that everything remains fixed in the memory, but that we do not remember everything consciously.
- The memory of evocation. This is what makes it possible to highlight in the present memories stored in the past. This happens automatically, sometimes, or deliberately at other times.
- The recognition and location memory. This is the process of specifying the details of a recalled memory and placing them in context.
Science has also shown thata memory is fixed, preserved, can be evoked, recognized and located more effectively if it answers the two laws of memory mentioned above: the vivacity of the impression and the perception of the first sensations
The vivacity of printing, one of the laws of memory
There is a debate as to whether the liveliness of printing belongs to the laws of memory or to the laws of association. Be that as it may, the fact is that this factor is decisive in remembering an image, an event or an experience.
The law of vivacity stipulates that the more the impression of a given, a fact or a situation is important, at the moment of its perception, the more it will be firmly anchored in the memory.. By impression we mean the assignment to which an individual is subject when exposed to a certain reality.
For example, a surprise gives rise to a very lively experience. Surprise involves perception, reason and emotion at a high intensity level. Therefore, everything we learn, accompanied by strong impressions, will be recorded with greater clarity.
The perception of the first sensations
The second of the great laws of memory is the perception of the first sensations. These are the ones that come mostly from the skin, that is, from the touch. Then smell and taste. These are fundamental sensations for survival. That is why they are the first to manifest themselves at the beginning of life.
Everything related to these first sensations is more likely to be fixed in memory. What touches, tastes or feels, penetrates deeper into consciousness. Therefore, learning based on direct experience is much more effective than theoretical learning.
These two great laws of memory are not the only ones, but are two of the most important. Theirpertinence is due to the fact that these two processes make the memory much deeper and the experience more availableeven after a long time. Therefore, if we want to memorize something, nothing better than using these two laws of memory to achieve this.