Nutrition is one of the topics about which there is more confusion. Today, there is a multitude of theories, false information and diverse views about how we need to feed ourselves. For this reason, most people feel lost when they want to lose weight or go on a healthier diet. For this, in this article we want to introduce you to the most common food myths.
All these myths have been denied by scientific studies over the years. Thus, we can now be certain that few people are able to tell us what is the best way to eat. For each of the myths, you will find the explanation that made them become so credible and the reasons that made it possible to deny them.
However, before presenting these three myths, we will try to understand why there are so many myths about science.
Myths about food: why do they appear?
Nutrition, in the same way as psychology and medicine, is a science directly related to the human being. Often, clinical studies that seem ideal on paper can not be done for this reason. The knowledge of this field is therefore much more difficult to develop than that which concerns other fields such as physics or chemistry where the norms concerning manipulation are much less restrictive.
The majority of nutrition studies are based on statistics. The data provided by this mathematical technique is very useful but generally, they do not allow us to establish cause and effect. In fact, in many cases, we can not know why a particular outcome occurs.
This is one of the reasons that myths can continue to develop. Indeed, if we do not carry out a clinical study, the data obtained from a nutritional point of view will always be incomplete. For this, this young science in its development has still not found the answers to separate what is healthy from what is not.
However, in recent decades, an explosion of knowledge in this area has occurred, mainly because of the epidemic of obesity that is spreading in the developed world. Following, we will discover the different myths that have been considered as such there is little.
1.Eating too many eggs is not healthy
One of the main food myths is: eating a lot of eggs (especially yellow) can cause problems. The idea comes from the belief that consuming a lot of cholesterol increases the cholesterol level in your body. Sounds logical not true?
The latest studies show that our cholesterol levels are not conditioned by foods such as eggs. We know today that our body produces four times more cholesterol than the amount we can ingest in a day. The impact of egg ingestion is therefore not very powerful. Another question would be to study the impact of the foods with which we accompany our eggs.
2.Eat fat makes you fat
Another major food myth is that eating too much fat increases our weight. Howeverwe know today that it does not work exactly that way.
This belief comes from the number of calories each macronutrient contains: carbohydrates and proteins have 4 calories per kilogram while fat contains 9 calories. If we want to lose weight, it makes sense to eat more protein and carbohydrates and less fat.
However, recent studies show that in normal quantities, fat intake well integrated into our diet can make us lose weight. This happens because this substance is involved in many fundamental processes to lose weight such as testosterone production, the feeling of fullness and the acceleration of the basic metabolism (speed at which we burn fat in a natural way).
3.Breakfast is the most important meal of the day
My grandmother always told me a popular quote that sums up one of the biggest myths about eating: "Lunch like a king, eat like a prince and dine like a beggar". This saying is based on the old belief that having a very abundant breakfast is fundamental to keeping your body functioning throughout the day.
Having a nutrient-rich breakfast (such as vegetables and protein) can give us a lot of energy for the day. But the typical western breakfast would act in a totally opposite way. In breakfast cereals or pastries, our body would suffer from a series of insulin spikes that would give us very little energy.
The two most recommended options for breakfast experts are:
- Ingest foods low in sugars and not low in fat and protein.
- Eliminate breakfast by practicing what is known as intermittent fasting.
It is likely that the reflection we have made on these food myths may have surprised you. Indeed, it contradicts all that we have traditionally learned about nutrition. However, what is good with the science is that it advances as new evidence is collected. Who knows what we will discover in the future on this area so important for our health? Because if there is a phrase that is not a myth, it is good that "we are what we eat".