The syndrome of overtraining: when the sport becomes dangerous

The syndrome of overtraining: when the sport becomes dangerous

It is clear to all of us that sport is a fundamental pillar of good health. The fact is that we have to maintain a balance because, as in everything in life, it is important not to get carried away. The regular practice of any sport is the key to well-being.

So when we exercise, it is important not to spend too much time trainingbecause, in addition to being a bad habit, we can develop a syndrome of overtraining. In the rest of this article, we will explain what this syndrome is for you to prevent it.

"My strength is that I am more balanced and calmer than most cyclists."

-Miguel Indurain-

What is overtraining syndrome?

Playing a sport on a regular basis provides us with countless benefits. However, be careful not to abuse it. Psychologically, sport helps us reduce depression and anxiety, promotes stress adaptation, increases self-esteem and improves social relationships. On the physical side, it helps us prevent obesity and cardiovascular disorders.

The problem is when we spend a considerable amount of time practicingwhen we significantly increase the workload during training and when we reduce the recovery time between sessions. This is not only harmful to our sporting performance, but also to our health.

The body could then be saturated. This 'burn out' will be characterized by certain symptoms such as physical or mental fatigue, mood, apathy or the presence of certain sleep disorders. This condition can even become chronic, leading to overtraining syndrome. The body is so saturated that it is unable to recover from the effort.

This decrease in athletic performance can plunge the individual into a harmful spiralbecause it will associate the decrease in physical capacity with lack of exercise or effort and will choose to increase the training load, thus worsening the consequences of this syndrome.

What are the symptoms of overtraining syndrome?

The syndrome of overtraining is manifested by both physiological and psychological changes and by symptoms of maladjustment.. In general, the sufferer experiences symptoms such as fatigue, insomnia, loss of appetite, loss of body weight, headaches, muscle aches, frequent infections, digestive disorders and even amenorrhea with osteoporosis.

Psychologically, depression, anxiety, decreased self-esteem, apathy, constant mental fatigue, lack of interest, decreased concentration, and emotional instability may occur. Performance changes are also manifested by a reduction in strength, endurance, speed and coordination.

As you can imagine, the person with this syndrome will make more technical mistakes. As a result, it will be more difficult to achieve the goals it has set for itself. But not only that, physiologically, her heart rate and blood pressure will increase, as will her oxygen consumption.

"If you're not confident, you'll always find a way to not win."

-Carl Lewis-

What to do in case of overtraining syndrome?

At this stage, it is not enough to interrupt the training, so the most important thing is to detect the syndrome of overtraining as soon as possible. To reverse this trend, it is essential to adjust several factors: the time allowed, the training load and the recovery time between sessions.

On the other hand, it is also important to increase the time spent on varied and entertaining exercises. The pleasure and the relaxation of the athlete will be encouraged. In addition, it is essential to improve motivation and self-confidence..

"You can not put limits on anything, the more you dream, the further you go."

-Michael Phelps-

Finally, it is important to learn how to effectively regulate the associated emotional distress, as well as restore healthy lifestyles where rest and healthy eating are priorities.

Pictures of Joshua Jordan and Marc Rafanell López.

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