The best example of this type of force is Gandhi. What is incredible in his struggle is to have succeeded in defeating an entire empire, and to have achieved it by the force of his convictions and renouncing violence. However,there are many other contemporary heroes, less present in the history books which, through their actions, perpetuate faith in this truth: the strength is in the values.
Many people throughout history have endured the most terrible vicissitudes just to defend their convictions. They showed an impressive strength. A force that was bornfrom within, from what is in their minds and in their hearts. It does not come from having physical, economic or other superiority. They manage to maintain themselves and often to overcome, using only their moral superiority.
” Your values define who you really are. Your true identity is the sum total of your values. “
It also happens in everyday life.We are able to deal with situations of injustice, falseness or ignominy when our values are a compass to which we conform. The same goes for our goals: we become able to continue them when they are based on clear and defined values. This is what gives us strength. This is what allows us to resist, persist and not give up.
Why does force come from values?
Ethics is the most accomplished product of culture. From the individual too. Values are what gives consistency to a society. They also make social coexistence possible. These implicit and explicit agreements about what is good or desirable and bad or wrong are what constitutes the social fabric.
According to Jean Piaget, ethics autonomous is the most advanced point of moral evolution. It can only be reached when intelligence has been sufficiently developed. It is the result of a long process of maturation, from "anomie" or total lack of values with which we are born, to "autonomy" or the ability to think for ourselves and to draw our own conclusions .
In addition to its social importance, theEthics also plays a decisive role in individual life. It is she who guides the actions and gives them a meaning. It is also the strength to cope with the vicissitudes and to stand up during difficult times.
For some, this ethic is supported, grounded or even dictated by religion. They cling to religious values in bad times. For others, it is based on a philosophy, a thesis or some other type of belief. We also meet people who renounce values and adopt a pragmatic and cynical attitude toward life. They therefore give up giving meaning to actions that go beyond personal interests and amenities. They protect themselves from disappointments, but they greatly impoverish their lives.
Behavior and values
The human being goes through a whole process of evolution before he can build his own values. All do not reach the end of this process. Many remain in a so-called "heteronomy" phase. In the latter, the child (or the adult)does not act according to his convictions or his values, but is guided by what authority figures needed. For them, is good or bad what the said figures of authority have designated. Their main purpose is not to come into contradiction with such authority figures.
When moral development comes to an end, the only authority we obey is the consciousness itself. Unlike the previous steps, values are not assumed because of tradition, repetition or because the dominant authority says so. They are the result of our own thinking, sometimes contrary to what the majority of society supports. In a nutshell, these are autonomous values.
We think the values are significant. Attributes that we consider desirable or worthy of promotion. They guide behavior and give meaning to actions. They imply a commitment: to put oneself on the side that we consider appropriate or correct. Ethics is flexible. It is not a dogmatic mandate. It always depends on the conscious assessment that a person is doing different situations. It is precisely for this reason that it gives strength: it depends on one's own consciousness and not on an external mandate or an improvisation.
There comes a time when we have to question the values in which our actions are framed. We often adhere to values by habit or tradition, or simply because most people believe the same thing.This is precisely why we sometimes feel lost. Not only does ethics give us the strength to pursue what we really want, but it also makes it possible, in most cases, for our intent and actions to continue.