The terms "tinnitus" or "tinnitus" may not tell you anything. However, we all have them at some point in our lives.Have you ever heard a beep or buzz that other people did not perceive?This hissing in the ear does not mean that others speak ill of you. This is a tinnitus!
This sound, more or less boring, is usually temporary and eventually disappears, is not it?Imagine that he is there persistently, that you perceive him all the time … How do you think it would affect your daily life? Keep reading and discover the importance of working psychological and emotional factors when we continually perceive tinnitus.
"Tinnitus prevents me from feeling absolute silence."-Santiago Segura-
Let's start from the beginning, what is a tinnitus?
This brief introduction has given us a general idea of what tinnitus is. It is nevertheless necessary to define it more precisely in order to better understand it.A tinnitus or tinnitus is the perception of a sound without the existence of an external sound source causing it.
Let's take an example.If we perceive this whistling or buzzing because the television emits it, then we would not be in the presence of a tinnitus. We must also keep in mind that the lack of an external source causing sound does not mean that we are confronted with an auditory hallucination.
TheTinnitus can also be perceived in one ear, in both, or can be perceived in the entire head.Finally, even though we are talking about whistling or buzzing, another type of more complex noise can also be perceived (like the sound of crickets or the murmur of the sea).
What are the types of tinnitus?
Tinnitus is differentiated by the type of sound we can perceive. Nevertheless, wegenerally classify as objective or subjective.We will develop below the explanation of one and the other. However, it should be clarified beforehand that the term "subjective" does not mean that the person "invents" the sounds.
Objective tinnitus is the perception of sound generated in the body that spreads to the cochlea by bone conduction, or sound that diffuses into the cavity of the middle ear.Therefore, it is not due to an alteration of the auditory system. This is a physical sound is perceived as normal sounds.
This means that it can be heard by doctors by auscultation and that its origin is in arterial noises, arteriovenous fistulas and venous breaths.This type of tinnitus has a good prognosis. However, it represents only 5% of cases of tinnitus. Subjective tinnitus is only perceived by the patient. This is the perception of sounds regardless of the existence of physical sounds.
itdoes not mean that the person invents it. This is'a phantom sensation due to pathologies in the ear or in the auditory nervous system.The causes here are otological, cardiovascular and vascular, metabolic, neurological, pharmacological, dental and psychological. Yes, psychological. Tinnitus can begin to be felt after a period of intense emotional distress.
"Ears care is something that we do not think we're comfortable with until we have a problem."-Chris Martin-
How can tinnitus affect the lives of those who suffer?
Now that we know a little more about tinnitus … How does it affect the lives of those who suffer? As with everything, it depends on each case.Some people do not feel any discomfort. They manage to internalize it as an extra aspect of their lives. Tinnitus does not interfere in their normal development.They manage not to perceive it, just as it happens to those who live in big cities and who "do not hear" the murmur of the street.
This symptom generates, on the other hand, in other people negative valence emotions such as anxiety, sadness or anger. People often find themselves in these cases in a vicious circle in which their attention is constantly fixed on the tinnitus, so that they perceive it permanently. They want to stop listening to it and not doing so increases their concerns. They fear that its intensity will increase or that it will not be able to manage it.
"Either you get used to it or you go crazy."
These people therefore remain tangled in these types of thoughts. They are not able to stop thinking about it. In addition, they give up activities of leisure and relaxation.They enter a vicious circle from which they can not escape.They thus cause the increase of their malaise and the perception of tinnitus.Do not forget the sleep problems that can cause.
As often when we have emotional problems,not knowing how to handle them should not be a motive for blaming those in this situation. TheThe problem lies in the lack of effective tools for regulating emotions and managing tinnitus. It is therefore important to contact a psychologist specializing in tinnitus treatment to help us acquire them.
Pictures of Chris Benson, Aaron Burden and Callie Morgan.