Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Types and Symptomatology

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Types and Symptomatology

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are already an epidemic in our society.Medical institutions warn us that diagnoses of gonorrhea or syphilis are increasing more and more. This is a worrying reality that emphasizes above all a clear need. We need to be better informed and aware of this risk. We deserve to enjoy safe and, above all, healthy sexuality.

Each year, the"Surveillance of Sexually Transmitted Diseases"publish a document. In the latter, she informs us of the most common sexual infections and their impact on the population. While waiting for the 2017 data to be published, those of 2016 are already challenging us.The first place is chlamydia, which is followed by gonorrhea and secondary syphilis.

In the majority of cases where there is a sexually transmitted infection, the person does not perceive the symptoms. This further facilitates the transmission of this type of disease.

As we said, we do not have more recent data yet. However, the World Health Organization is alerting us to something even more worrying.Currently, we already find cases of gonorrhea where patients are resistant to treatment.In other words, the antibiotics we have are not used to fight this type of strain.

Some types of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) become more intelligent and difficult to treat. The key is to be stronger than these diseases. To have the best information and methods to prevent this type of infections.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs): Types and Symptoms

Sexually transmitted diseases are infections that are transmitted through sexual intercourse.These include anal, vaginal and oral practices. The origin is nothing but a series of bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa and even parasites.

One thing makes this reality even more complex: there is not always obvious symptomatology.A person may carry a sexually transmitted disease and not know it.Since she is unaware of this, the risk of transmission and infection increases. Health and prevention organizations report that sexually transmitted diseases are often out of control. Serious consequences derive from it.

What's more, it is estimated that with the increased use of dating sites to seek a partner, silent infections such as chlamydia or even gonorrhea are almost on the agenda. So,and even though most of these diseases are treatable, the long-term consequences they can leave can sometimes be severe.

Let's look at what are the most common sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).


Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.It has a bacterial origin. The symptoms, if they appear, arise between 7 and 21 days after the relationship or sexual contact.

These symptoms can occur as follows in women:

  • Pain when urinating
  • Increased flow (which becomes thicker and yellow)
  • Increased blood loss during menstruation or disappearance
  • Pain in the pelvis and / or abdomen
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

In the case of men, the symptomatology is as follows:

  • Urgent need to urinate
  • Burning while urinating
  • White secretions at the penis
  • Inflammation or pain in the testicles


Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection. It can contract through oral, anal and vaginal sex. As we have pointed out, many of these diseases do not have obvious symptoms or problems. This is the case of gonorrhea.It can be a silent condition. It can also be confused with other disorders.

The most common signs we can have about the presence of gonorrhea are:

  • Urge to urinate
  • Burning while urinating
  • Thick secretion, bloody or cloudiness that comes out of the penis or vagina
  • Abundant blood loss during menstruation or blood loss outside the rules
  • Pain and inflammation of the testicles
  • Painful stools

In the most severe cases, patients may suffer from infertility.

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

HPV or human papillomavirus is actually a large set of common viruses. It's not just an isolated virus. The majority are harmless but about thirty of them can play a role in the development of cancer. This is for example the case for the cervix. In fact,it is estimated that 99% of this type of cancer is associated with this genital infection.

Generally, the papilloma virus does not have any obvious symptoms either. Nevertheless, one of the first leads is usually the appearance of small virus warts in the genital area.

It should be remembered that vaccination against human papillomavirus is effective.This is a strategy recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Herpes simplex virus

The herpes simplex virus is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases.It should be noted that there are two types: VHS-1, which is transmitted from mouth to mouth and type 2 (VHS-2).

HSV-1 infection is already acquired in childhood with the classic cold sores. Regarding the second typology, it must be known that it is very resistant. After this risky sexual contact, small blisters appear within 5-20 days. These skin lesions can develop in the vaginal, anal or oral areas.

Even if these ulcers eventually disappear,the virus stays in the body. It can play a role in the appearance of other more serious diseases.


Syphilis is of bacterial origin.It is usually transmitted through sexual contact. However, it can also be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy. It is a disease with a high incidence. The consequences can be devastating if the person does not receive adequate treatment.

In addition, it is important to note that syphilis has a wide range of symptoms. It can sometimes be confused with other disorders.It begins with the appearance of a small wound. Later, a burning sensation appears in the hands and feet. It then extends into the rest of the body.Eruptions occur, inflammations of the skin, alterations in the lymphatic glands, high fatigue, weight loss …

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and the cause of AIDS has already killed more than 40 million people. Diagnostics continue to emerge on a daily basis. It is estimated that thousands of men and women are still unaware of being carriers of the virus.

The most common form of contagion is through unprotected sex. Or by the exchange of needles or syringes carrying contaminated blood. These are known risk practices and yet infections continue to develop.

Even if the treatment slows the evolution of the disease,the very high rate of HIV-positive people is synonymous with a collective failure. A failure in prevention and social awareness.Something does not work Doctors and scientists tell us that there is an urgent need for joint work.

We need more resources to treat these diseases. We said it at the beginning: they become resistant to treatment.A greater collective consciousness is also essential.The use of condoms is without doubt the best way to protect ourselves from sexually transmitted diseases.Medical consultations, information, prevention and avoiding unsafe sex are the most reliable mechanisms for not having to deal with such problems.

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