Ovarian cysts: symptoms, causes and treatments

Ovarian cysts: symptoms, causes and treatments

Many women suffer from ovarian cysts at some point in their lives.This is a fairly common gynecological problem that, in general, does not have excessive gravity. Cysts are full pockets of fluid that develop in one or both of the ovaries. Most of the time, they are benign and disappear on their own. Other times, they require intervention.

We are pretty sure that many of our readers already know a few things about it. You may have already suffered. Or someone around you, a friend, a sister, a mother or a loved one. Anyway,studies tell us that about 25% -30% of women will develop an ovarian cyst at some point in their life cycle.This risk arises from the first menses and lasts until menopause.

Much of the ovarian cysts do not manifest with obvious or clear symptomatology for the woman. Cysts often have a genetic component and are mostly related to the function of estrogen and progesterone.
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All this gives us a good reason to insist on the importance of visits to the gynecologist.We must be aware that many of these problems are asymptomatic. If, at a given moment, we notice a symptom, we usually associate it with other disorders: menstrual pain, back pain, abdominal distension, stress …

Let's study that more closely.

What are ovarian cysts? Why do they appear?

As we reported at the beginning, in general, ovarian cysts are a mild medical problem. Nevertheless,when a woman receives this diagnosis, it is usual (and understandable) to see her worry.First of all, we must trust the doctors and the treatment they will prescribe. These pockets of fluid are almost always just functional cysts.

What does that mean ?They are simply different from tumor cysts and appear in response to some hormonal diseases.It is something that is treated, which can disappear on its own. Let's see what are the different types of ovarian cysts.

Follicular cyst

The follicular cyst is the most common. It appears mostly in young women and usually disappears after a few weeks.To understand the causes of its development, we must remember how the menstrual cycle occurs. Hormones stimulate the growth of an ovarian follicle, which contains an egg. As the days pass, this follicle will eventually break to release the egg.

During this process called "ovulation", the following can happen: the follicle may not break.Therefore, if the follicle fails to open to release an egg, this fluid accumulates day after day, to create a cyst.

Yellow body cyst

  • The corpus luteum cyst can appear when the follicle closes after releasing the egg. Remember that the corpus luteum is a temporary cyclical glandular structure that develops in the ovary after ovulation. Now, sometimes, because of some abnormal changes in the ovarian follicle, this opening that allows the egg to go out may remain closed. Little by little, liquid accumulates and this creates the cyst of the corpus luteum.
  • In this case, it is usual to feel certain genes such as pressure, pinching, pelvic and abdominal pain …Some patients may lose blood outside the rules. This phenomenon can also lead toovarian torsion(change of the position of the ovary with occlusion of the ovarian artery).

It should also be noted that there are other types of ovarian cysts, such as the endometrioma(associated with endometriosis), the dermoid cyst and cystadenoma, a larger cyst that requires surgery.

What are the symptoms of ovarian cysts?

Recall that ovarian cysts can arise from the first menses, in girls still very young, and appear until menopause.The ovaries are subject to constant hormonal changes.Thus, even if a woman is out of her period, spontaneous changes continue to occur in her body. That's why she will always need to be followed.

Whatever our age,it is necessary to establish periodic checks with our gynecologistand to know this symptomatology.

  • Pain and / or heaviness in the pelvic and abdominal area
  • Abdominal pain, gas, feeling of constant pressure
  • Constant desire to urinate
  • Pain during sex
  • nausea
  • Blood loss outside the rules

We must also remember that in general, cysts are asymptomatic.In the case of ovarian torsion or other gynecological emergency, the patient will experience sudden, intense pain that will require urgent medical attention.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

It is important to talk about polycystic ovaries. This disease responds to a hormonal disorder that creates multiple ovarian cysts simultaneously. It affects about 7% of women. There is irregular menstruation, an abundant presence of down, difficulties in getting pregnant …

The causes of this disease are still unknown but there are adequate treatments that can improve the quality of life of patients.

What are the treatments that exist for ovarian cysts?

When they discover one or more ovarian cysts through an ultrasound, specialists evaluate several things. First, the size of the cyst. Then, the age of the woman.In general, those measuring less than 5 centimeters will only need monitoring to observe their evolution.If the cyst continues to develop, its removal will be done through surgery.

Know that only 1% of cysts are, in general, cancerous.On the other hand, older women who have already reached menopause usually develop more resistant cysts.In other words, cysts that do not disappear on their own. Physicians will need to consider other options, such as surgery.

To conclude,One way to prevent ovarian cysts is to use oral contraceptive methods.In case we have a family history for this type of gynecological disease, do not hesitate to consult our doctor to establish adequate follow-up.Prevention is always important.

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