Infant psychopathy is a disorder that needs to be talked about.It involves a high degree of destruction, a high burden of aggression and a harmful component to society.These characteristics must be stopped early to avoid devastating consequences.
Studying adult manifestations of psychopathy is important. But it is equally important to know what their causes are and how they develop. We live in a society where rates of violence are rising. Andthe starting age of these violent crimes is decreasing more and more.
What are the causes of infant psychopathy?
The causes of psychopathy are still unknown.For the moment, we speak of hypotheses of explanation or partial theories. But these theories only explain part of this problem.
There are biological theories that refer tothe role of hormones, such as testosterone, or abnormalities in brain structures.In addition, learning theories point to the importance of the consequences of a childhood full of abuse.
In addition to these biological theories, we find social theories. These speak of asocial change that has allowed a loosening of ethical and moral principles.This fact would explain why a psychopathic tendency has emerged.
At the moment, the most relevant theories are interactive theories. These theories indicate thatit is the biological and genetic factors that reveal the anomalies that psychopaths suffer from(inability to feel empathy or various other emotions).
However, in child psychopathy, we must also take into account the educational factors.Social factors and how parents act affect behavior.The entourage of the little one can have a crucial role; he will determine whether he will live on the edge of legality or become a serial killer.
Essential characteristics of the psychopathic personality
TheEssential characteristics of the psychopathic personality have been described by Hare(2003). Here they are:
- Superficial and simple mind.Psychopaths only do two things: simulate and act. They are great deceivers in the initial interpersonal contact.
- Egocentric and presumptuous personality.They are very narcissistic people. They think only of their well-being and the satisfaction of their needs. Psychopaths do not follow social norms: they follow only their own norms and impulses. The selfishness that any child can demonstrate gradually disappears or adjusts to norms as the child assimilates them or grows up.
Nevertheless,the child who hides a psychopathic personality will manifest a persistent egocentrism.It also reveals inflexible demands on others. He defines himself as an intimidating leader in his group of comrades. This will increase as it grows; he will obey only the urgency of his own interests.
- No remorse or guilt.They do not care about the harm they do to others. They are very destructive and can not be sorry or feel bad about their actions. The lack of remorse is related to a skill: that of rationalizing their behavior. They avoid accepting responsibility for their actions.
- Lack of empathy.All previous features are related to lack of empathy. They are unable to understand the emotions of others (or are not interested in this fact). They demonstrate a lack of generalized empathy, which prevents them from having real emotional ties.
- Manipulators who lie. Psychopaths are stubborn. Even when we discover a lie, they do not stop inventing it. They continue to reinvent their story by putting together a complex web of lies and contradictions.
So,psychopaths begin to lie from their earliest childhood. Their first victims are none other than their parents, their brothers and sisters or their schoolmates.They may occasionally learn to control their anger but, in a sustainable situation of cohabitation, they are unable to maintain such control. This is how parents can detect their strange personality.
Treatment of infant psychopathy
Since this is a personality disorder,treatment options are limited.In the most complicated cases, they will be even nil. However, in other, less serious cases, some "reasonable cohabitation" will be possible.
In general, expectations should not be too high.We will not succeed in making sure that the young person becomes a person of integrity, loyalty or obtains qualities opposite to those of psychopathy.This can only be controlled moderately (Garrido Genovés, 2003).
Two very important aspects are going to be the environment of the child and the moment when his parents will realize the trouble which he suffers.This detection and a consequent start of means and treatments from eight or nine years will significantly increase the hopes of success.