Knowing how to act in a crisis is essential to provide adequate relief. Although there is not much to do to stop the crisis, our support can help prevent further damage.
Epilepsy is a neurological disease that affects the electrical activity of the brain. It is true that there are different types of epilepsy, with different causes and symptoms. However, most are characterized by unpredictable crises that often have neurobiological, cognitive and psychological consequences.
Many factors contribute to these crises. For example, lack of sleep, drug use, etc. Sometimes sports that require very fast breathing, such as football or basketball, can also trigger epileptic seizures.
Most of the time, you should know that epilepsy disappears once you reach puberty. However, this can happen again if the shutter returns.
Some studies confirm that once the diagnosis of epilepsy is made, a first drug will have a 50% chance of controlling seizures. Later, a second phase can improve the situation in 15% more patients, and subsequent trials will lead to an even lower success rate.
The choice of the drug will revolve around three main axes: the patient's specific context, the pharmacological properties of the drug and the caregiver's experience.
How to react to an epileptic seizure
When most people think of an epileptic seizure, the image of a person who completely loses control comes to mind. In reality, a generalized tonic-clonic crisis, also called a grand mal crisis, occurs in these cases, characterized in that it affects the entire surface of the brain, which can cause the person to scream, fall or shake, and especially not to notice what is happening around her.
On the other hand, partial seizures occur in a particular area that may extend to the rest of the cerebral cortex. In some cases, the person even experiences the aura before the crisis. This is a warning that a crisis is about to occur.
If you meet someone who has an episode like this one and you do not know how to deal with itHere is the general procedure to follow:
- Stay with the person during the attack
- Stay calm
- Place the person on the ground to avoid injury
- Gently turn the subject on one side. This will help him breathe
- Place a cushion under his head to prevent it from hitting the ground
- Clear the area around the affected person. Remove objects that may come into contact with them
- Put something sweet and dish, like a folded jacket, under your head
- Loosen your tie or anything around your neck that can make breathing difficult
- It may be necessary to grasp the jaw carefully and tilt your head slightly backwards to open the airway
- Do not let anything enter the person's mouth. No drugs, no objects, no water
- Do not shake the person and do not shout. It will not help you in any way
- Ask people watching you to stay behind. Whoever is attacked may be tired, embarrassed or disoriented behind him
- Call someone for additional help as needed
"If you have health, you will probably be happy, and if you have health and happiness, you have all the wealth you need, even if it's not all you want."
When should you seek the help of a professional?
The first thing you need to know is that some crises are more dangerous than othersbut most do not need emergency help. The important thing is to focus on the safety of the person. However, it is sometimes necessary to have a health professional. We recommend that you seek help in the following circumstances:
- This is the first epileptic seizure of the affected person
- The person is pregnant or has diabetes
- The attack lasts more than 5 minutes
- The person do not regain consciousness after the crises
- The individual hurts himself
- Respiratory problems occur after the crises
- The individual has a high fever
- The incident occurs in the water
- The person do not regain consciousness
- He has a second attack
In short, remember that if you are in a situation like this, it is important that you consider these guidelines when dealing with epileptic seizures. This is a very delicate situation in which your performance can be decisive. If you are not sure how to help, remember that there is nothing wrong with seeking the help of a professional.