Fibromyalgia and depression, what is their relationship? - Our thoughts

Fibromyalgia and depression, what is their relationship?

Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by the presence of generalized chronic musculoskeletal pain.In addition to pain, other symptoms are associated, such as fatigue, sleep disturbances, paresthesias in extremities, a feeling of swelling in hands or morning stiffness.

At present there is no therapy / intervention to treat fibromyalgia, existing treatments focusing exclusively on the attenuation or amortization of the impact of different symptoms, such as pain, sleep problems or emotional ill-being.

It has been observed, concerning psychopathology, that the prevalence of depression is higher in group of fibromyalgia patientsOnly in the rest of the patients.B Thus, in this article, we will look more deeply into this relationship.

What appears before, fibromyalgia or depression?

There are lines of research that describe a possible relationship between pain and certain personality variables., presenting evidence supporting the theory that there is an important relationship between certain personality traits В and chronic pain.

On the other hand, Вa high incidence of depressive mood is also observed in patients with pain, assuming that this last generally finds its origin in the humor.

Among the disorders related to the pain, we will concentrate on the fibromyalgie.A rheumatological syndrome characterized by a generalized pain, considered as chronic and of which the BThe main symptom is central sensitization that manifests itself as a diffuse pain affecting the whole body.

Among the causes of this syndrome have been proposed, inter alia, emotional factors.В Indeed, we recognize the involvement of emotional variables, such as anxiety В or the depression, finding that30% of fibromyalgia patients present with depression at the time of consultation and 60% suffer at some point in their clinical history.The impact of these emotional disorders is however not clear in the etiology nor in the maintenance of fibromyalgia.

What do research say about the relationship between fibromyalgia and depression?

In 2004, Вa research was carried out at the University of Balearic Islands, whose objective was to corroborate the relationship between fibromyalgia and depression.The authors sought to check whether patients with fibromyalgia had a specific profile in manifestation of this mood disorder.

With regard to depression, it has been observed that there are no significant differences between patients with fibromyalgia and patients in good health. This could be a sign that laВdepression may precede or accompany fibromyalgia, although it is not a factor involved in the etiology (cause) of the syndrome.

What seems certain is that the existence of the relation between the fibromyalgia and the depression is more a question of comorbidity (the two disorders appear at the same time), or that the depressive mood can reverberate. sulter of suffering from fibromyalgia.В Indeed, ВDepressive mood in patients with fibromyalgia would be the result of the interferences of pain and other symptoms in the daily life.

В "В The relationship between fibromyalgia and depression is more a matter of comorbidity .В В"
В Symptoms of a syndrome (for example, fatigue) would prevent the realization of activities that were usual, and would lead the person to inhibit his participation in certain projects by anticipation of pain. ВThis would lead to a loss of reinforcements or motivational stimuli in the patient's daily life, which would eventually trigger the depression.

What are the implications of this relationship in professional practice?

To implement prevention in depression, we can turn to various tools such as:

  • To reflect on our way of life.B Secrecy resides in the fact ofto integrate enriching activities and to improve the social life.Considering that these patients have specific difficulties, it would be necessary to choose activities according to their abilities.
  • Identify what is our way of thinking andtry to change the thoughts that make us feel bad, replacing them with less harmful thoughts.
  • To participate inworkshops or therapeutic groupsKnow other people who cross the same thing that helps us to feel understood and to acquire tools really useful for our problem.
  • Consult a psychologistВ is always an option.

Therefore, the results obtained can have important implications for professional practice.If depression is not a cause, but a consequence of fibromyalgia, this could lead to the development of specific prevention programsВ – based on the tools we have described – for this population.

Walking is beneficial for people who suffer from fibromyalgia

According to one study, going out walking in a regular way could improve the quality of life of patients with fibromyalgia. Let's see … Learn more В "
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