Endometriosis is a disease that is characterized by the benign formation of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Usually, this tissue reaches the area of the ovaries, pelvis, fallopian tubes, and other adjacent organs such as the intestines.
It can manifest itself through intense pain, but it can also happen that this pain does not appear and that the disease is silent. In all cases, a multidisciplinary medical examination can assess the presence or absence of this disease.
It should be emphasized that this gynecological problem can not only cause fertility problems, but can also affect sexual relations by causing pelvic pain, causing pain in the stool and can manifest through terribly painful menstruation.
A very present and very particular disease
Even today, this disease does not receive the attention it deserves.Indeed, the proof is that until 2013, we did not realize public awareness. Similarly, since it is a disease that manifests itself in a very variable way, it is not always easy to suspect that something is not right.
It is true thatin some people, this is perceived in the form of severe physical pain, in others, very light, and finally, completely asymptomatic in other people (for about 50% of cases). This is one of the reasons why associations and institutions related to this disease require the presence of multidisciplinary teams of specialists in urology, gastroenterology, gynecology and psychology that can help detect this abnormality in the female body.
Although the symptomatology is very variable in women, here are the most visible symptoms that can indicate us that we suffer from this disease:
- Abnormal and disabling pelvic pain days of menstruation or during the premenstrual cycle. This can be accompanied by abdominal and lumbar pain, as well as prolonged colic.
- Intense pain during or after intercourse
- Pain during bowel movements.
- Heavy bleeding during menstruation, as well as a long menstrual cycle (7 days or more).
- Bleeding outside the cycle.
- Fertility issues: between 30% and 40% of women with endometriosis experience fertility problems.
- Fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, general malaise, etc. Especially during menstruation
A series of myths circulating around endometriosis against which teams dedicated to its treatment and awareness of the disease (such as EndoFrance) are trying to fight. Here are a few :
- Pregnancy cures endometriosis.It's wrong. Pregnancy is not an option for treatment. There is, moreover, no treatment for this disease, but there are options to manage its symptoms according to each specific case.
- Endometriosis is a cause of infertility. It's wrong. 40% of women suffering from this disease have fertility problems, but that does not mean that this disease is synonymous with infertility.
- The pain related to the rules are normal in all cases. It's wrong. If pain interferes with our daily life, it is not normal. To do this, we must go to a professional for a complete examination that eliminates any problem of this kind and attests to our good health.
- You are too young to have endometriosis.It's wrong. Endometriosis has no age. Indeed, studies show that even if the average is around 22 years, we can even suffer from this disease from 10 years.
- Hormonal treatments cure this disease. It's wrong. Endometriosis has no treatment. We must emphasize that we have already observed that some hormonal treatments only calm the symptoms when taking the medication.
Warning ! Examination and diagnosis can only be performed by a specialized medical team. Similarly, you should never perform self-medication or self-treatment and even less take drugs that "have served a friend or cousin of our neighbor." This is the key to proper treatment prescribed by recognized and certified health professionals.
If you want to stay informed about advances, symptoms, treatments and supportive communities, there is a recommended page for this: //www.endometriosis.org/
Images from: //www.israelites-guadeloupe.com/lendometriose-guadeloupe.html