We all complain about corruption.We never cease to be surprised by the lack of decency exhibited by people of power. And especially politicians. Newspapers reveal new cases day after day. We all feel that this is just the tip of the iceberg.
Corruption is extremely harmful for a society.It marks a break with the pact constituting the essence of any society: the law.It also implies a perverse act because it makes others passive victims of an evil. And it's even more perverse when you consider that many of the corrupt steal money they do not need. Why? Because they are motivated, in large part, by the antisocial pleasure of exploiting others.
All this constitutes a deep source of indignation. However, there is another corruption that we do not talk about very much.It is that of ordinary citizens who also participate in this logic. Even if they do it at a lower level.
Law and corruption
The law sets out a rhetoric that imposes limits and obligations on everything in a society.We can disagree with her. It is, in fact, one of the great forces that builds history: the debate about what the law proposes. New laws arise from these contradictions and old ones disappear. Or mix.
When one disagrees with the law, mechanisms exist to challenge it. We find, for example, civil disobedience, revolutions and political debate. Nobody must blindly obey the law. Unless the consequences are serious on a personal level, when the law is in force, we have no choice but to respect it. Until we manage to change it.
Corruption arises when a discourse of duties and obligations appears in parallel with that of the law.Such a discourse, unlike a legal discourse, aims to achieve an individual good. He completely ignores the social good.Anything that involves personal gain becomes legitimate. Others become means or obstacles. Therefore, they do not count. The logic of corruption is, fundamentally, the individual interest.
The citizen and corruption
It should be asked whether only politicians or people of power can act with this logic (that of maximizing personal profit at the expense of the rights of others).If one examines certain daily situations, one can see that many operate according to this logic of corruption.Respecting the law and giving up one's own satisfactions to promote the common good is not the most popular attitude.
The current trend is the rise of individualism. In some societies, it reaches extremes. The laws are completely forgotten and unscrupulous standards are applied. We only respect the law when we know that someone is watching us.Corruption invades lives with small actions. For example, pass in front of others in a queue. Or enjoy the friendship of someone to access a privilege.
This may be why major acts of corruption continue to take place.They are, basically, tolerated by a whole societywho, instead of banning them firmly, takes them as an example. Another explanation is possible: society becomes the passive witness of all this corruption. It does not complicate life by trying to intervene to set limits.
Beyond the economic or political damage caused by corruption, the most serious is how this phenomenon affects culture.Social bonds are deteriorating because of corruption. Trust is broken and the sense of authority begins to fade.
Civilized behaviors are beginning to be questioned. In practice, the law of the strongest is that which is in force.What once was a society has turned into a horde of people advancing aimlessly.