Many myths about autism have continued to anchor in society despite scientific advances on this theme.These beliefs are widespread and, of course, instead of helping to create a fair image of people with autism, perpetuate an inadequate and erroneous pattern of this disorder.
It is precisely these preconceptions that create barriers to the adaptation of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It is therefore essential to pay attention to these myths; the goal is to make them disappear and allow a vision more adjusted to reality.
Dona Williams, a high-level autism sufferer, said that "autism is not like a puzzle that lacks a piece: it's more like several puzzles that have extra pieces and fewer pieces. ".Share
- 1 1. People with autism do not like people and hate to bond with them
- 2 2. It does not matter if they are rejected: they are in their world and do not realize it
- 3 3. They do not show affection and empathy to anyone
- 4 4. They are aggressive with others and hurt themselves
- 5 5.They all have "scholarly" skills and are geniuses in certain fields
- 6 6. They can not improve or learn, so they should not have regular schooling
- 7 Autism is not a misfortune, ignorance, if
1. People with autism do not like people and hate to bond with them
People with ASD have no reason to get away from others, to reject human contact or to seek loneliness permanently. In fact, many kids love cuddling and playing games. In addition, many adolescents and pre-teens want to belong to a social group they identify with; they could share moments, passions and interests.
It is possible that social relationships cause them anxiety because they have a different view of the world as well as problems in developing normative social skills. Some reactions may lead us to believe that their disorder requires them to avoid relationships; However, it is not the case.Even though they may have evasive behaviors to escape tension, it is not something that characterizes these people.
We need to revisit our conceptions and make social relationships less stressful to them. For example,Since eye contact is often embarrassing, we should not demand that they look into our eyes or ridicule their tendency to look elsewhere.
"I can hear you better when I'm not looking at you, eye contact is awkward, people will never understand the battle I'm going to be able to do that."
2. It does not matter if they are rejected: they are in their world and do not realize it
We may have the feeling that people with autism are not connected. But, in truth, their connection to another port, another channel of tuning.Accepting that our way of bonding and interest in the world is not the only one that exists is the first step in understanding this disorder.
The rejection injury can lead people with the autism spectrum to develop conditions such as depression and anxiety. The fact that they feel different and excluded can produce immense emotional pain, especially from adolescence. At this time, the desire to bond with others can be of great importance.
"Recognize that we are as strange as each other and that my way of being is not just a deteriorated version of yours".
3. They do not show affection and empathy to anyone
This is one of the most prevalent and hurtful myths that exist about autism.It is based on the difference in the way of expressing emotions or feelings. However, this does not mean that the condition is non-existent in people with autism.
People with autism may have difficulty putting words on their feelings or expressing them in a socially appropriate way. This fact does not mean that feelings or emotions are not present.They love their loved ones, feel sadness, joy and all the emotions that can exist.
4. They are aggressive with others and hurt themselves
Aggressiveness, self-destructive behavior and other problems are not symptomatology specific to autism.If there are indeed people who present, at a given moment, this type of behavior, we must not forget that this reality obeys the lack of communicative resources.
When others do not understand us or when we do not know how to express what we want or feel through words or deeds, we tend to become aggressive. And this, whether we are autistic or not.
For example, children with autism are usually between 2 and 4 years old with intense temper tantrums. This happens becauseat this moment, their minds advance their capacity for expression.As a result, others do not understand what they want or expect.
This is just one example that allows us to understand thatthe capacity of expression and the resources of communication go hand in hand with our behaviors and our emotional expression.
5.They all have "scholarly" skills and are geniuses in certain fields
This myth has been reinforced by series like "The Big Bang Theory", in which the main character, Sheldon, manifests a symptomatology peculiar to the spectrum of autism, combined with great logic and mathematical skill. In the news, we have heard that people with great abilities like Leo Messi or Robbie Williams have autism, and more specifically Asperger's Syndrome.
But rather than debating the veracity of this claim, we must know thatonly 10% of people with autism show special skills in a specific area.We must not think that an autistic person will automatically be a genius. This expectation could generate great frustration and a feeling of failure in the diagnosed person and his / her family.
6. They can not improve or learn, so they should not have regular schooling
All people with autism progress and learn as they go through life.Some have a faster pace than others but all advance in all areas. It is very important that everyone gets the best education possible. Everyone must be able to evolve in an environment that adapts to their needs.
"The constant change of things never gave me the opportunity to prepare for them, which is why I loved doing them again and again."
As we said, right now, these six myths (and many more) circulate frequently when we talk about autism. Some are even spread among health professionals or education. They are detrimental to our perception of this disorder.It is therefore essential that we adjust our knowledge to reality and that we remove any preconceived ideas that would limit the development of these people.